IN MEMORIAM: Mama- I CAN’T BREATHE, Blacks Killed by Police from 1968 – 2020

RENÉE ATER

Public Scholar

IN MEMORIAM: I CAN’T BREATHE

May 29, 2020

I am angry. I am anguished. I am heartbroken.

I am hallowed out.

I am sick and tired of police needlessly killing black and brown people. Some police still see black men as threats, to brutalize, to contain, to remand. They have stereotyped our grandfathers, fathers, husbands, sons, and nephews, as monsters, subject to violence and death. They have killed our grandmothers, mothers, wives,

daughters, and nieces. Every time I watch the video of George Floyd’s death, my heart weeps. Who in their right mind, kneels on another human’s neck and ignores desperate pleas of “I Can’t Breathe”? Where is the humanity of these white police officers? Policing should not be predicated on brutal force and a complete disdain for black life. White supremacy has no place in the criminal justice system, in government, in the White House, in the United States. Black lives matter every second, every minute, every hour, every day.

IN MEMORIAM                   

The universe shrank 

when you went away.

Every time I thought your name,

stars fell upon me. 

— Henry Dumas (poet, social activist, teacher)

Andre Maurice Hill, May 23, 1973 – December 22, 2020

Columbus, Ohio

Shot: December 22, 2020, Columbus Police Officer

Casey Christopher Goodson Jr., January 30, 1997 – December 4, 2020

Columbus, Ohio

Shot: December 4, 2020, Franklin County Sheriff Deputy 

Angelo “AJ” Crooms, May 15, 2004 – November 13, 2020

Cocoa, Florida

Shot: November 13, 2020, Brevard County Sheriff Deputies

Sincere Pierce, April 2, 2002 – November 13, 2020

Cocoa, Florida

Shot: November 13, 2020, Brevard County Sheriff Deputies

Marcellis Stinnette, June 17, 2001 – October 20, 2020

Waukegan, Illinois

Shot: October 20, 2020, Waukegan Police Officer

Jonathan Dwayne Price, November 3, 1988 – October 3, 2020

Wolfe City, Texas

Tasered/Shot: October 3, 2020, Wolfe City Police Officer

Dijon Durand Kizzee, February 5, 1991 – August 31, 2020
Los Angeles, California

Shot: August 21, 2020, Los Angeles County Police

Rayshard Brooks, January 31, 1993 – June 12, 2020
Atlanta, Georgia

Shot: June 12, 2020, Atlanta Police Officer

Carlos Carson, May 16, 1984 – June 6, 2020
Tulsa, Oklahoma

Pepper Sprayed/Shot in Head: June 6, 2020, Knights Inn Tulsa Armed Security Guard, former sergeant and detention officer with the Tulsa County Sheriff’s Office

David McAtee, August 3, 1966 – June 1, 2020

Louisville, Kentucky

Shot: June 1, 2020, Louisville Metropolitan Police Officer

Tony “Tony the TIger” McDade, 1982 – May 27, 2020
Tallahassee, Florida

Shot: May 27, 2020, Tallahassee Police Officers

George Perry Floyd, October 14, 1973 – May 25, 2020

Powderhorn, Minneapolis, Minnesota

Knee on neck/Asphyxiated: May 25, 2020, Minneapolis Police Officer 

Dreasjon “Sean” Reed, 1999 – May 6, 2020

Indianapolis, Indiana

Shot: May 6, 2020, Unidentified Indianapolis Metropolitan Police Officer

Michael Brent Charles Ramos, January 1, 1978 – April 24, 2020

Austin, Texas

Shot: April 24, 2020, Austin Police Detectives

Daniel T. Prude, September 20, 1978 – March 30, 2020

Rochester, New York

Asphyxiation: March 23, 2020, Rochester Police Officers

Breonna Taylor, June 5, 1993 – March 13, 2020

Louisville, Kentucky

Shot: March 13, 2020, Louisville Metro Police Officers 

Manuel “Mannie” Elijah Ellis, August 28, 1986 – March 3, 2020

Tacoma, Washington

Physical restraint/Hypoxia: March 3, 2020, Tacoma Police Officers

William Howard Green, March 16, 1976 – January 27, 2020

Temple Hills, Maryland

Shot: January 27, 2020, Prince George’s County Police Officer

John Elliot Neville, 1962 – December 4, 2019

Winston-Salem, North Carolina

Asphyxiated (hog-tied in prone position)/Heart Attack/Brain Injury: December 2, 2019, Forsyth County Sheriff Officers 

Atatiana Koquice Jefferson, November 28, 1990 – October 12, 2019

Fort Worth, Texas

Shot: October 12, 2019, Fort Worth Police Officer 

Elijah McClain, February 25, 1996 – August 30, 2019
Aurora, Colorado

Chokehold/Ketamine/Heart Attack: August 24, 2019, Aurora Police Officers and Paramedic

Ronald Greene, September 28, 1969 – May 10, 2019

Monroe, Louisiana

Stun gun/Force: May 10, 2019, Louisiana State Police

Javier Ambler, October 7, 1978 – March 28, 2019
Austin, Texas

Tasered/Electrocuted: March 28, 2019, Williamson County Sheriff Deputy

Sterling Lapree Higgins, October 27, 1981 – March 25, 2019
Union City, Tennessee

Choke hold/Asphyxiation: March 24-25, 2019, Union City Police Officer and Obion County Sheriff Deputies

Gregory Lloyd Edwards, September 23, 1980 – December 10, 2018

Brevard County Jail, Cocoa, Florida

Kneed, Punched, Pepper Sprayed, Tasered, and Strapped into a restraint chair with a spit hood over his head/Failure to Provide Medical Care: December 9, 2019, Brevard County Sheriffs

Emantic “EJ” Fitzgerald Bradford Jr., June 18, 1997 – November 22, 2018

Hoover, Alabama

Shot: November 22, 2018, Unidentified Hoover Police Officers

Charles “Chop” Roundtree Jr., September 5, 2000 – October 17, 2018

San Antonio, Texas

Shot: October 17, 2018, San Antonio Police Officer 

Chinedu Okobi, February 13, 1982 – October 3, 2018

Millbrae, California

Tasered/Electrocuted: October 3, 2018, San Mateo County Sheriff Sergeant and Sheriff Deputies 

Anton Milbert LaRue Black, October 18, 1998 – September 15, 2018

Greensboro, Maryland

Tasered/Sudden Cardiac Arrest: September 15, 2018, Greensboro Police Officers

Botham Shem Jean, September 29, 1991 – September 6, 2018

Dallas, Texas

Shot: September 6, 2018, Dallas Police Officer 

Antwon Rose Jr., July 12, 2000 – June 19, 2018

East Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

Shot: June 19, 2018, East Pittsburgh Police Officer 

Saheed Vassell, December 22, 1983 – April 4, 2018

Brooklyn, New York City, New York

Shot: April 4, 2018, Four Unnamed New York City Police Officers

Stephon Alonzo Clark, August 10, 1995 – March 18, 2018

Sacramento, California

Shot: March 18, 2018, Sacramento Police Officers 

Dennis Plowden Jr., 1992 – December 28, 2017

East Germantown, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Shot: December 27, 2017, Philadelphia Police Officer

Bijan Ghaisar, September 4, 1992 – November 27, 2017

George Washington Memorial Parkway, Alexandria, Virginia

Shot: November 17, 2017, U.S. Park Police Officers   

Aaron Bailey, 1972 – June 29, 2017

Indianapolis, Indiana

Shot: June 29, 2017, Indianapolis Metropolitan Police Officers 

Charleena Chavon Lyles, April 24, 1987 – June 18, 2017 

Seattle, Washington

Shot: June 18, 2017, Seattle Police Officers

Fetus of Charleena Chavon Lyles (14-15 weeks), June 18, 2017 

Seattle, Washington

Shot: June 18, 2017, Seattle Police Officers

Jordan Edwards, October 25, 2001 – April 29, 2017

Balch Springs, Texas

Shot: April 29, 2017, Balch Springs Officer 

Chad Robertson, 1992 – February 15, 2017

Chicago, Illinois

Shot: February 8, 2017, Chicago Police Officer 

Deborah Danner, September 25, 1950 – October 18, 2016

The Bronx, New York City, New York

Shot: October 18, 2016, New York City Police Officers

Alfred Olango, July 29, 1978 – September 27, 2016

El Cajon, California

Shot: September 27, 2016, El Cajon Police Officers 

Terence Crutcher, August 16, 1976 – September 16, 2016

Tulsa, Oklahoma

Shot: September 16, 2016, Tulsa Police Officer 

Terrence LeDell Sterling, July 31, 1985 – September 11, 2016

Washington, DC

Shot: September 11, 2016, Washington Metropolitan Police Officer 

Korryn Gaines, August 24, 1993 – August 1, 2016

Randallstown, Maryland

Shot: August 1, 2016, Baltimore County Police

Joseph Curtis Mann, 1966 – July 11, 2016

Sacramento, California

Shot: July 11, 2016, Sacramento Police Officers 

Philando Castile, July 16, 1983 – July 6, 2016

Falcon Heights, Minnesota

Shot: July 6, 2016, St. Anthony Police Officer 

Alton Sterling, June 14, 1979 – July 5, 2016

Baton Rouge, Louisiana

Shot: July 5, 2016, Baton Rouge Police Officers 

Bettie “Betty Boo” Jones, 1960 – December 26, 2015

Chicago, Illinois

Shot: December 26, 2015, Chicago Police Officer 

Quintonio LeGrier, April 29, 1996 – December 26, 2015

Chicago, Illinois

Shot: December 26, 2015, Chicago Police Officer 

Corey Lamar Jones, February 3, 1984 – October 18, 2015

Palm Beach Gardens, Florida

Shot: October 18, 2015, Palm Beach Gardens Police Officer 

Jamar O’Neal Clark, May 3, 1991 – November 16, 2015

Minneapolis, Minnesota

Shot: November 15, 2015, Minneapolis Police Officers 

Jeremy “Bam Bam” McDole, 1987 – September 23, 2015

Wilmington, Delaware

Shot: September 23, 2015, Wilmington Police Officers 

India Kager, June 9, 1988 – September 5, 2015

Virginia Beach, Virginia 

Shot: September 5, 2015, Virginia Beach Police Officers

Samuel Vincent DuBose, March 12, 1972 – July 19, 2015

Cincinnati, Ohio

Shot: July 19, 2015, University of Cincinnati Police Officer 

Sandra Bland, February 7, 1987 – July 13, 2015

Waller County, Texas

Excessive Force/Wrongful Death/Suicide (?): July 10, 2015, Texas State Trooper

Brendon K. Glenn, 1986 – May 5, 2015

Venice, California

Shot: May 5, 2015, Los Angeles Police Officer 

Freddie Carlos Gray Jr., August 16, 1989 – April 19, 2015

Baltimore, Maryland

Brute Force/Spinal Injuries: April 12, 2015, Baltimore City Police Officers 

Walter Lamar Scott, February 9, 1965 – April 4, 2015

North Charleston, South Carolina

Shot: April 4, 2015, North Charleston Police Officer 

Eric Courtney Harris, October 10, 1971 – April 2, 2015

Tulsa, Oklahoma

Shot: April 2, 2015, Tulsa County Reserve Deputy 

Phillip Gregory White, 1982 – March 31, 2015

Vineland, New Jersey

K-9 Mauling/Respiratory distress: March 31, 2015, Vineland Police Officers

Mya Shawatza Hall, December 5, 1987 – March 30, 2015

Fort Meade, Maryland

Shot: March 30, 2015, National Security Agency Police Officers

Meagan Hockaday, August 27, 1988 – March 28, 2015

Oxnard, California

Shot: March 28, 2015, Oxnard Police Officer

Tony Terrell Robinson, Jr., October 18, 1995 – March 6, 2015

Madison, Wisconsin

Shot: March 6, 2015, Madison Police Officer 

Janisha Fonville, March 3, 1994 – February 18 2015

Charlotte, North Carolina

Shot: February 18, 2015, Charlotte-Mecklenburg Police Officer

Natasha McKenna, January 9, 1978 – February 8, 2015

Fairfax County, Virginia

Tasered/Cardiac Arrest: February 3, 2015, Fairfax County Sheriff Deputies

Jerame C. Reid, June 8, 1978 – December 30, 2014

Bridgeton, New Jersey

Shot: December 30, 2014, Bridgeton Police Officer 

Rumain Brisbon, November 24, 1980 – December 2, 2014

Phoenix, Arizona

Shot: December 2, 2014,  Phoenix Police Officer 

Tamir Rice, June 15, 2002 – November 22, 2014

Cleveland, Ohio

Shot: November 22, 2014, Cleveland Police Officer 

Akai Kareem Gurley, November 12, 1986 – November 20, 2014

Brooklyn, New York City, New York

Shot: November 20, 2014, New York City Police Officer 

Tanisha N. Anderson, January 22, 1977 – November 13, 2014

Cleveland, Ohio

Physically Restrained/Brute Force: November 13, 2014, Cleveland Police Officers

Dante Parker, August 14, 1977 – August 12, 2014

Victorville, California

Tasered/Excessive Force: August 12, 2014, San Bernardino County Sheriff Deputies

Ezell Ford, October 14, 1988 – August 11, 2014

Florence, Los Angeles, California

Shot: August 11, 2014, Los Angeles Police Officers

Michael Brown Jr., May 20, 1996 – August 9, 2014

Ferguson, Missouri

Shot: August 9, 2014, Ferguson Police Officer 

John Crawford III, July 29, 1992 – August 5, 2014

Beavercreek, Ohio

Shot: August 5, 2014, Beavercreek Police Officer 

Tyree Woodson, July 8, 1976 – August 2, 2014

Baltimore, Maryland

Shot: August 2, 2014, Baltimore City Police Officer

Eric Garner, September 15, 1970 – July 17, 2014

Staten Island, New York

Choke hold/Suffocated: July 17, 2014, New York City Police Officer 

Dontre Hamilton, January 20, 1983 – April 30, 2014

Milwaukee, Wisconsin

Shot: April 30, 2014, Milwaukee Police Officer 

Victor White III, September 11, 1991 – March 3, 2014

New Iberia, Louisiana

Shot: March 2, 2014, Iberia Parish Sheriff Deputy

Gabriella Monique Nevarez, November 25, 1991 – March 2, 2014

Citrus Heights, California

Shot: March 2, 2014, Citrus Heights Police Officers

Yvette Smith, December 18, 1966 – February 16, 2014

Bastrop County, Texas

Shot: February 16, 2014, Bastrop County Sheriff Deputy

McKenzie J. Cochran, August 25, 1988 – January 29, 2014

Southfield, Michigan

Pepper Sprayed/Compression Asphyxiation: January 28, 2014, Northland Mall Security Guards

Jordan Baker, 1988 – January 16, 2014

Houston, Texas

Shot: January 16, 2014, Off-duty Houston Police Officer

Andy Lopez, June 2, 2000 – October 22, 2013

Santa Rosa, California

Shot: October 22, 2013, Sonoma County Sheriff Deputy

Miriam Iris Carey, August 12, 1979 – October 3, 2013

Washington, DC

Shot 26 times: October 3, 2013, U. S. Secret Service Officer

Barrington “BJ” Williams, 1988 – September 17, 2013

New York City, New York

Neglect/Disdain/Asthma Attack: September 17, 2013, New York City Police Officers

Jonathan Ferrell, October 11, 1989 – September 14, 2013

Charlotte, North Carolina

Shot: September 14, 2013, Charlotte-Mecklenburg  Police Officer 

Carlos Alcis, 1970 – August 15, 2013

Brooklyn, New York City

Heart Attack/Neglect: August 15, 2013, New York City Police Officers

Larry Eugene Jackson Jr., November 29, 1980 – July 26, 2013

Austin, Texas

Shot: July 26, 2013, Austin Police Detective 

Kyam Livingston, July 29, 1975 – July 21, 2013

New York City, New York

Neglect/Ignored pleas for help: July 20-21, 2013, New York City Police Officers

Clinton R. Allen, September 26, 1987 – March 10, 2013

Dallas, Texas

Tasered and Shot: March 10, 2013, Dallas Police Officer

Kimani “KiKi” Gray, October 19, 1996 – March 9, 2013

Brooklyn, New York City, New York

Shot: March 9, 2013, New York Police Officers

Kayla Moore, April 17, 1971 – February 13, 2013

Berkeley, California

Restrained face-down prone: February 12, 2013, Berkeley Police Officers

Jamaal Moore Sr., 1989 – December 15, 2012

Chicago, Illinois

Shot: December 15, 2012, Chicago Police Officer 

Johnnie Kamahi Warren, February 26, 1968 – February 13, 2012

Dothan, Alabama

Tasered/Electrocuted: December 10, 2012, Houston County (AL) Sheriff Deputy

Shelly Marie Frey, April 21, 1985 – December 6, 2012

Houston, Texas

Shot: December 6, 2012, Off-duty Harris County Sheriff’s Deputy 

Darnisha Diana Harris, December 11, 1996 – December 2, 2012

Breaux Bridge, Louisiana

Shot: December 2, 2012, Breaux Bridge Police Office

Timothy Russell, December 9. 1968 – November 29, 2012

Cleveland, Ohio

137 Rounds/Shot 23 times: November 29, 2012, Cleveland Police Officers 

Malissa Williams, June 20, 1982 – November 29, 2012

Cleveland, Ohio

137 Rounds/Shot 24 times: November 29, 2012, Cleveland Police Officers 

Noel Palanco, November 28, 1989 – October 4, 2012

Queens, New York City, New York

Shot: October 4, 2012, New York City Police Officers

Reynaldo Cuevas, January 6, 1992 – September 7, 2012

Bronx, New York City, New York

Shot: September 7, 2012, New York City Police Officer 

Chavis Carter, 1991 – July 28, 2012

Jonesboro, Arkansas

Shot: July 28, 2012, Jonesboro Police Officer

Alesia Thomas, June 1, 1977 – July 22, 2012

Los Angeles, California

Brutal Force/Beaten: July 22, 2012, Los Angeles Police Officers

Shantel Davis, May 26, 1989 – June 14, 2012

New York City, New York

Shot: June 14, 2012, New York City Police Officer 

Sharmel T. Edwards, October 10, 1962 – April 21, 2012

Las Vegas, Nevada

Shot: April 21, 2012, Las Vegas Police Officers 

Tamon Robinson, December 21, 1985 – April 18, 2012

Brooklyn, New York City, New York

Run over by police car: April 12, 2012, New York City Police Officers

Ervin Lee Jefferson, III, 1994 – March 24, 2012

Atlanta, Georgia

Shot: March 24, 2012, Shepperson Security & Escort Services Security Guards

Kendrec McDade, May 5, 1992 – March 24, 2012

Pasadena, California

Shot: March 24, 2012, Pasadena Police Officers 

Rekia Boyd, November 5, 1989 – March 21, 2012

Chicago, Illinois

Shot: March 21, 2012, Off-duty Chicago Police Detective 

Shereese Francis, 1982 – March 15, 2012

Queens, New York City, New York

Suffocated to death: March 15, 2012,  New York City Police Officers

Jersey K. Green, June 17, 1974 – March 12, 2012

Aurora, Illinois

Tasered/Electrocuted: March 12, 2012, Aurora Police Officers

Wendell James Allen, December 19, 1991 – March 7, 2012

New Orleans, Louisiana

Shot:  March 7, 2012, New Orleans Police Officer

Nehemiah Lazar Dillard, July 29, 1982 – March 5, 2012

Gainesville, Florida

Tasered/Electrocuted: March 5, 2012, Alachua County Sheriff Deputies

Dante’ Lamar Price, July 18, 1986 – March 1, 2012

Dayton, Ohio

Shot: March 1, 2012, Ranger Security Guards

Raymond Luther Allen Jr., 1978 – February 29, 2012

Galveston, Texas

Tasered/Electrocuted: February 27, 2012, Galveston Police Officers

Manual Levi Loggins Jr., February 22, 1980 – February 7, 2012

San Clemente, Orange County, California

Shot: February 7, 2012, Orange County Sheriff Deputy 

Ramarley Graham, April 12, 1993 – February 2, 2012

The Bronx, New York City, New York

Shot: February 2, 2012, New York City Police Officer 

Kenneth Chamberlain Sr., April 12, 1943 – November 19, 2011

White Plains, New York

Tasered/Electrocuted/Shot: November 19, 2011, White Plains Police Officers

Alonzo Ashley, June 10, 1982 – July 18, 2011

Denver, Colorado

Tasered/Electrocuted: July 18, 2011, Denver Police Officers 

Derek Williams, January 23, 1989 – July 6, 2011

Milwaukee, Wisconsin

Blunt Force/Respiratory distress: July 6, 2011, Milwaukee Police Officers

Raheim Brown, Jr., March 4, 1990 – January 22, 2011

Oakland, California

Shot: January 22, 2011, Oakland Unified School District Police

Reginald Doucet, June 3, 1985 – January 14, 2011

Los Angeles, California

Shot: January 14, 2011, Los Angeles Police Officer 

Derrick Jones, September 30, 1973 – November 8, 2010

Oakland, California

Shot: November 8, 2010, Oakland Police Officers 

Danroy “DJ” Henry Jr., October 29, 1990 – October 17, 2010

Pleasantville, New York

Shot: October 17, 2020, Pleasantville Police Officer 

Aiyana Mo’Nay Stanley-Jones, July 20, 2002 – May 16, 2010

Detroit, Michigan

Shot: May 16, 2010, Detroit Police Officer 

Steven Eugene Washington, September 20, 1982 – March 20, 2010

Los Angeles, California

Shot: March 20, 2010, Los Angeles County Police

Aaron Campbell, September 7, 1984 – January 29, 2010

Portland, Oregon

Shot: January 29, 2010, Portland Police Officer 

Kiwane Carrington, July 14, 1994 – October 9, 2009

Champaign, Illinois

Shot: October 9, 2019, Champaign Police Officer 

Victor Steen, November 11, 1991 – October 3, 2009

Pensacola, Florida

Tasered/Run over: October 3, 2009, Pensacola Police Officer 

Shem Walker,  March 18, 1960 – July 11, 2009

Brooklyn, New York

Shot: July 11, 2009, New York City Undercover C-94 Police Officer

Oscar Grant III, February 27, 1986 – January 1, 2009

Oakland, California

Shot: January 1, 2009, BART Police Officer 

Tarika Wilson, October 30, 1981 – January 4, 2008

Lima, Ohio

Shot January 4, 2008, Lima Police Officer 

DeAunta Terrel Farrow, September 7, 1994 – June 22, 2007

West Memphis, Arkansas

Shot: June 22, 2007, West Memphis (AR) Police Officer 

Sean Bell, May 23, 1983 – November 25, 2006

Queens, New York City, New York

Shot: November 25, 2006, New York City Police Officers 

Kathryn Johnston, June 26, 1914 – November 21, 2006

Atlanta, Georgia

Shot: November 21, 2006, Undercover Atlanta Police Officers

Ronald Curtis Madison, March 1, 1965 – September 4, 2005

Danziger Bridge, New Orleans, Louisiana

Shot: September 4, 2005, New Orleans Police Officers 

James B. Brissette Jr., November 6, 1987 – September 4, 2005

Danziger Bridge, New Orleans, Louisiana

Shot: September 4, 2005, New Orleans Police Officers 

Henry “Ace” Glover, October 2, 1973 – September 2, 2005

New Orleans, Louisiana

Shot: September 2, 2005, New Orleans Police Officers 

Timothy Stansbury, Jr., November 16, 1984 – January 24, 2004

Brooklyn, New York City, New York

Shot: January 24, 2004, New York City Police Officer 

Ousmane Zongo, 1960 – May 22, 2003

New York City, New York 

Shot: May 22, 2003, New York City Police Officer 

Alberta Spruill, 1946 – May 16, 2003

New York City, New York

Stun grenade thrown into her apartment led to a heart attack: May 16, 2003, New York City Police Officer

Kendra Sarie James, December 24, 1981 – May 5, 2003

Portland, Oregon

Shot: May 5, 2003, Portland Police Officer

Orlando Barlow, December 29, 1974 – February 28, 2003

Las Vegas, Nevada

Shot: February 28, 2003, Las Vegas Police Officer 

Nelson Martinez Mendez, 1977 – August 8, 2001

Bellevue, Washington

Shot: August 8, 2001, Bellevue Police Officer

Timothy DeWayne Thomas Jr., July 25, 1981 – April 7, 2001

Cincinnati, Ohio

Shot: April 7, 2001, Cincinnati Police Patrolman 

Ronald Beasley, 1964 – June 12, 2000

Dellwood, Missouri

Shot: June 12, 2000, Dellwood Police Officers  

Earl Murray, 1964 – June 12, 2000

Dellwood, Missouri

Shot: June 12, 2000, Dellwood Police Officers 

Patrick Moses Dorismond, February 28, 1974 – March 16, 2000

New York City, New York

Shot: March 16, 2000, New York City Police Officer 

Prince Carmen Jones Jr., March 30, 1975 – September 1, 2000

Fairfax County, Virginia

Shot: September 1, 2000, Prince George’s County Police Officer

Malcolm Ferguson, October 31, 1976 – March 1, 2000

The Bronx, New York City, New York

Shot: March 1, 2000, New York City Police Officer 

LaTanya Haggerty, 1973 – June 4, 1999

Chicago, Illinois

Shot: June 4, 1999, Chicago Police Officer

Margaret LaVerne Mitchell, 1945 – May 21, 1999

Los Angeles, California

Shot: May 21, 1999, Los Angeles Police Officer

Amadou Diallo, September 2, 1975 – February 4, 1999

The Bronx, New York City, New York

Shot: February 4, 1999, New York City Police Officers 

Tyisha Shenee Miller, March 9, 1979 – December 28, 1998

Riverside, California

Shot: December 28, 1998, Riverside Police Officers

Dannette “Strawberry” Daniels, January 25, 1966 – June 7, 1997

Newark, New Jersey

Shot: June 7, 1997, Newark Police Officer

Frankie Ann Perkins, 1960 – March 22, 1997

Chicago, Illinois

Brutal Force/Strangled: March 22, 1997, Chicago Police Officers

Nicholas Heyward Jr., August 26, 1981 – September 27, 1994

Brooklyn, New York City, New York

Shot: September 27, 1994, New York City Police Officer 

Mary Mitchell, 1950 – November 3, 1991 

The Bronx, New York City, New York

Shot: November 3, 1991, New York City Police Officer

Yvonne Smallwood, July 26, 1959 – December 9, 1987

New York City, New York

Severely beaten/Massive blood clot: December 3, New York City Police Officers

Eleanor Bumpers, August 22, 1918 – October 29, 1984

The Bronx, New York City, New York

Shot: October 29, 1984, New York City Police Officer

Michael Jerome Stewart, May 9, 1958 – September 28, 1983

New York City, New York

Brutal Force: September 15, 1983, New York City Transit Police 

Eula Mae Love, August 8, 1939 – January 3, 1979

Los Angeles, California

Shot: January 3, 1979, Los Angeles County Police Officers

Arthur Miller Jr., 1943 – June 14, 1978

Brooklyn, New York City, New York

Chokehold/Strangled: June 14, 1978, New York City Police Officers

Randolph Evans, April 5, 1961 – November 25, 1976

Brooklyn, New York City, New York

Shot in head: November 25, 1976, New York City Police Officer

Barry Gene Evans, August 29, 1958 – February 10, 1976

Los Angeles, California

Shot: February 10, 1976, Los Angeles Police Officers

Rita Lloyd, November 2, 1956 – January 27, 1973

New York City, New York

Shot: January 27, 1973, New York City Police Officer

Henry Dumas, July 20, 1934 – May 23, 1968

Harlem, New York City, New York

Shot: May 23, 1968, New York City Transit Police Officer

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NOTE 

This memorial is in honor of those unarmed black and brown people killed by the police, sheriff deputies, and security guards. The list is organized by most recent incident of police brutality (David McAtee and George Perry Floyd) and then moves back in time. I have listed each person by their name; birth and death dates; the location of their death; the means of death, date of death, and name of the police department. 

I culled the names from a variety of online sources including Black Lives Matter’s protests; Wikipedia; Black Past; Dangerous Objects, a website run by Mercy Garriga, that investigates cases of excessive use of force and death by the police force; and Professors Cassandra Chaney and Ray V. Robertson’s essay “Armed and Dangerous? An Examination of Fatal Shootings of Unarmed Black People by Police.” I have included women from the #SaveHerName project because we often ignore the injustices and violence that black women experience from the police: police brutality is real for women as it is for men. 

At the age of twenty-four, a friend introduced me to the radical and astonishingly beautiful poetry and writing of Henry Dumas. His poetry serves as the epitaph for this memorial; Dumas is the last entry on this list, shot by New York City Transit Police on May 23, 1968.

— Renée Ater, May 29, 2020

**Many thanks to Cecilia Wichmann and Mary Savig for their fact checking of this list, including adding birth dates from the Social Security Death Index and links to additional news stories. 

*************************************************

SOURCES

Dangerous Objects

https://www.dangerousobjects.org/

Black Past

https://www.blackpast.org/tag/race-and-justice-black-lives-matter/

Say Her Name: Resisting Police Brutality Against Black Women

Everyday Harm: Black Women and a History of Police Violence

Unarmed People of Color Killed by Police, 1999-2014

https://gawker.com/unarmed-people-of-color-killed-by-police-1999-2014-1666672349

82 Black Men and Boys Killed by Police

“Armed and Dangerous? An Examination of Fatal Shootings of Unarmed Black People by Police” 

Mothers Against Police Brutality

Color of Change
https://colorofchange.org/about/

Clinton R. Allen Speak Out 2018

Families United 4 Justice Network

https://fu4jgroup.website/index.html

Mapping Police Violence

https://mappingpoliceviolence.org/

Fatal Force, Washington Post

2020: https://www.washingtonpost.com/graphics/investigations/police-shootings-database/

2019: https://www.washingtonpost.com/graphics/2019/national/police-shootings-2019/

2018:  https://www.washingtonpost.com/graphics/2018/national/police-shootings-2018/

2017: https://www.washingtonpost.com/graphics/national/police-shootings-2017/

2016: https://www.washingtonpost.com/graphics/national/police-shootings-2016/

2015: https://www.washingtonpost.com/graphics/national/police-shootings/

”What We’ve Learned About Police Shootings 5 Years After Ferguson,” Washington Post, August 9, 2019

https://www.washingtonpost.com/nation/2019/08/09/what-weve-learned-about-police-shootings-years-after-ferguson/?arc404=true

The Counted, The Guardian, 2015 and 2016

https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/series/counted-us-police-killings

Fatal Encounters

Stolen Lives: Killed by Law Enforcement

http://www.stolenlives.org/book.html

Police Brutality Cases (PBC), Open Lab at City Tech

The Center for Homicide Research, Police Shootings Database

Three Words. 70 Cases. The Tragic History of ‘I Can’t Breathe.’

Nearly 250 Women Have Been Fatally Shot By Police Since 2015

https://www.washingtonpost.com/graphics/2020/investigations/police-shootings-women/

100 Black Men And Boys Killed By Police

California Superior and Appeals Court Fraud in Motion to Dismiss

Corruption Defined

Superior and Appeals Court Fraud in Motion to Dismiss

As for the Appeals Court, the appeals court bases it’s decision to dismiss al-Hakim’s appeal entirely on CSAA’s contention that al-Hakim had failed and refused to comply with an unserved discovery request that was unopposed and as such should have their unserved motion to dismiss granted!

Defendants obtained this order from Commissioner Rausch as the product of fraud and deceit when again defendants got an UNOPPOSED order as al-Hakim was NEVER served any interrogatories and requests for the production of documents BUT Brand granted the Motion of al-Hakim to vacate and set aside the related order on MOTION NO. 3. of 4/16/18. (Filed 9/14/18) 

Nor did defendants serve a motion to dismiss the appeal by CSAA, nor did al-Hakim receive any filing notice of any type from the Appeals Court of any motion to dismiss by CSAA. 

MOTION NO. 3. (see 2/25/19 Brand Challenge at ¶¶ 18, Page 34-35)

Even though Brand set aside the order, his ruling is willfully blind, bias, prejudice, shrouded in fraud as he attempts to ignore the existence of the Fraud, Deception, Misrepresentation and Bad Faith Conduct of Defendants. Here Brand was presented with evidence of defendants sworn statements that clearly establish their fraud of al-Hakim, Extrinsic fraud upon the court, the People of the State of California by not having served the alleged documents, yet in his order he advocated a judicial imprimatur of the defense’s theory and demands “within 21 days of service of this order, Al-Hakim must produce responses to interrogatories (set one) and requests for the production of documents (set one). The responses must be without objection and must be verified” He totally disregards the fact that al-Hakim WAS NEVER SERVED, thus CAN NOT RESPOND!!

THIS ORDER WAS TAKEN OUT OF SHEER FRAUD AND DECIT BY CSAA FILING WITHOUT SERVING THE MOTIONS ON al-HAKIM.

al-Hakim has expressed repeatedly to the courts that he was NEVER served any motion to dismiss by CSAA, nor any motion to compel discovery by CSAA, and this is clearly a well established patterned litigation practice employed by them and al-Hakim has brought this fact to the attention of the courts many, many times before as well as CSAA historically NEVER has any supporting proof of service that is legally and properly executed, is always unsigned so that they are NOT under the penalty of perjury. The orders are the unsavory product of CSAA’s unscrupulous, immoral fraud and that immorality has been drastically redefined in recent times, arguably the boundaries of what is judicially acceptable remain publicly policed!

The Court of Appeal abuse its discretion and improperly prejudice al-Hakim when it dismissed his appeal given that Justice Barbara J.R. Jones July 16, 2018 order EVADES THE ENTIRE GRAVAMEN OF al-HAKIM’S ARGUMENT, THE FACT THAT al-HAKIM WAS NEVER SERVED THE MOTION TO DISMISS BY DEFENDANTS AND NEVER RECEIVED ANY NOTICE FROM HER APPEALS COURT OF ANY SUCH ACTION AND HER APPEALS COURT HAVE NO RECORD OF EVER SENDING ANY NOTICE OF ANY TYPE TO al-HAKIM REGARDING THE MOTION TO DISMISS!

So how is it possible that the Appeals Court would be silent, not providing ANY proof of their having EVER served ANY notice of any kind of their receiving the motion to dismiss, NOTHING served on me even remotely noticing the motion, no briefing schedule, no schedule of motion practice and this clearly should have been the practice of the courts as it has before with Anne Reasoner, Vira Pons and Truefiling. al-Hakim NEVER received any email, or U. S. postal mail from Anne Reasoner, Vira Pons or the appeals court nor any electronic service from TrueFiling as he usually would. 

The matters of the courts failure and refusal to serve ANY notice of ANY type regarding as serious a matter as a dismissal of an action against the obvious corruption of a judge or judges combined with the failure and refusal of the reviewing judge smacks of blatant GRAND CORRUPTION of ALL INVOLVED, ESPECIALLY AND INCLUDING THOSE THAT COVER IT UP COMMITTING AN EVEN GREATER CRIME!!!

Alameda Superior Court and Appeals Corruption

Judge Brands ruling granting the motion to vacate and set aside the order granting defendants motion to compel interrogatories and sanctions due to NON SERVICE.

On October 12, 2018, the Appeals Court sent a reply that merely mentions that the defendants had submitted a proof of service dated June 22, 2018, that was allegedly served via mail and electronically to two different email addresses, 1) one that CSAA has admitted to the courts that has been blocked from sending email to for years due to his giving that email address to a commercial business without al-Hakim’s knowledge or approval and 2) the other email address he knows is not al-Hakim. There NEVER was any U.S. mail nor personal service of any documents.

In several documents filed with the courts, Attorney John Bradley sworn under the penalty of perjury in a November 29, 2017 letter to al-Hakim that he will neither serve nor accept service via email and has not done so!

At the November 22, 2017 hearing, Bradley could not and did not produce a valid, properly executed proof of service which is why his deputy counsel Colwell could not enforce his unserved motion for the issuance of an order to show cause re: sale of dwelling.

Secondly, al-Hakim notified Bradley by letter, fax and email on December 4, 2017, that Bradley’s email was blocked due to his giving that email address to a commercial business without al-Hakim’s knowledge or approval. This notice was given months, nearly a year before Bradley claims that it was problematic and he fails to explain how al-Hakim has problems with receiving mail at his home because Bradley alleges that “he does NOT live there and is not there everyday”. al-Hakim does NOT deliver the mail to his home and in no way would be involved nor responsible for that task!

NOW THE ENTIRE UNDERPINNINGS OF JUDGE JONES DECISION TO DISMISS al-HAKIM’S APPEAL HAVE VANISHED except the remaining Court Administration Grand, Systemic and Endemic Corruption; Conduct To Pervert or Obstruct Justice, or the Due Administration of the Laws (Pen.Code, §§ 182, subd. (a)(1), 4570) 1 and Conspiracy to Pervert or Obstruct Justice (§ 182, subd. (a)(5)); Fraud Upon The Court; Manipulation; Cause Due to Criminal Conduct In Violation of The Law!

The Appeals court, Judge Barbara Jones and the court clerks are blocking and providing interference for judge Kim Colwell to make her “end run” and complete her fraud and corruption in her Order for sale of al-Hakim’s Dwelling BEFORE the Motion to Vacate the Order, which was uncontested by defendants, was to be heard and has been continued by the court under an illegal Appeals stay since February 2018. 

al-Hakim’s Motion to Vacate the Order granting the sale of plaintiff home is NOT an appealable order and is NOT subject to the automatic stay pending appeals, just as the defendants motion for sale of the dwelling with an undertaking is NOT subject to the automatic stay, which Colwell ruled the sale of dwelling could and did go forward, yet she has continued to delay the resolution to plaintiff’s motion to vacate that was uncontested by defendants! This would reverse the ruling made by Judge Colwell for the sale of the Dwelling!!!

For eight months Colwell had been begging the Appeals court to expedite the Remitter in the motion to dismiss so she can quickly rule on the motion to vacate with a denial! 

For the Appeals Court to deny such a serious motion when the appeals court was willfully and intentionally derelict in their NON-SERVICE of ANY notices to al-Hakim and CSAA obvious fraud, there is NO place for this in modern society much less in a courtroom before the people! It is even more enlightening in respects to the calumny deceit and denial of due process employed in it, that al-Hakim have complained of for years. This order in response to al-Hakim’s actions of merely invoking his rights to petition the courts was the very epitome of specious retaliation and heinous denial of due process FORCED on al-Hakim by defendants.

On March 18, 2019, January 10 and 7, 2019 and November 7, 2018, filed and served complaints with Chief Justice Cantil-Sakauye and Associate Justices of the Court, Beth Robbins, and Charles Johnson requesting an investigation of and urging both the Supreme Court and Court of Appeal to grant review of the Court of Appeal’s decision in al-HAKIM VS CSAA- Wellpoint (2018) California Appeals Court Case# 153510, and now California Supreme Court Case# S-250997. Order from the Appeals Court dated July 16, 2018

al-Hakim has received NO response from the State Supreme nor Appeals Courts and their response and the admissions of the facts, evidence, testimony, and proof from their findings of what happened in this incident has a drastic effect on this case as it will NOT “go away” merely because you chose to ignore it! We DEMAND ANSWERS TO THIS CONTINUING CRIME!

Defendants “appeal covers more than just a failure to comply with a court order. It includes obstructive tactics and frustration or obstruction of legitimate efforts to enforce a judgment.” as again al-Hakim was NEVER served any motion to dismiss by CSAA, any filing notice of any type from the Appeals Court of any motion to dismiss by CSAA, no briefing schedule, no schedule of motion practice, and this clearly should have been the practice of the courts as it has before with Anne Reasoner and Truefiling. al-Hakim NEVER received any email, or U. S. postal mail from Reasoner or the appeals court nor any electronic service from TrueFiling, which is the norm, and there is NO RECORD of any type that any of them sent any notice of any type to al-Hakim!

These matters are currently being investigated.

Oakland City Attorney Gives Case File To Defendants Stephan Barber and Law Firm Ropers Majeski, Doesn’t Tell Court or Plaintiffs!

Non-Service of Process Tactic

This tactic employed by the courts and defendants of failing to serve documents on al-Hakim is a major part of the litigation scheme carried out solely for the purpose of espousing defendants vitriol of Trump-esq hate induced 20 year strategy of FRAUD, DECIET, RACISM, RELIGIOUS BIGOTRY, AND INTOLERANCE, PREJUDICE, stirring the animus of the court to provoke acrimony toward al-Hakim, fostering calumny deceit within the judicial and legal community, knowingly using fraudulent, misleading, false and larcenous documentation provided by Defendants attempting to foist upon plaintiff and the courts the imprimatur of substantiating documentary evidence in denial of al-Hakim’s civil rights and immunity from takings of property without due process is a gross abuse of discretion in violation of the law is objectively unreasonable and was undertaken intentionally with malice, willfulness, and reckless indifference to the rights of al-Hakim in lieu of proper litigation.

Brand’s order has merely substantiated the evidence of the continuing Superior Court Administration Grand, Systemic and Endemic Corruption; Conduct To Pervert or Obstruct Justice, or the Due Administration of the Laws (Pen.Code, §§ 182, subd. (a)(1), 4570) 1 and Conspiracy to Pervert or Obstruct Justice (§ 182, subd. (a)(5)); Fraud Upon The Court; and Manipulation.

These efforts of CSAA is tantamount to a scheme to hinder, deny and defraud al-Hakim in violation of the laws above and can qualify as a Hate Crime under the Unruh and Ralph Civil Rights and the Bane Acts, while they are clear acts of religious bigotry and intolerance for which al-Hakim will not allow.

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