IN MEMORIAM: Mama- I CAN’T BREATHE, Blacks Killed by Police from 1968 – 2020

RENÉE ATER

Public Scholar

IN MEMORIAM: I CAN’T BREATHE

May 29, 2020

I am angry. I am anguished. I am heartbroken.

I am hallowed out.

I am sick and tired of police needlessly killing black and brown people. Some police still see black men as threats, to brutalize, to contain, to remand. They have stereotyped our grandfathers, fathers, husbands, sons, and nephews, as monsters, subject to violence and death. They have killed our grandmothers, mothers, wives,

daughters, and nieces. Every time I watch the video of George Floyd’s death, my heart weeps. Who in their right mind, kneels on another human’s neck and ignores desperate pleas of “I Can’t Breathe”? Where is the humanity of these white police officers? Policing should not be predicated on brutal force and a complete disdain for black life. White supremacy has no place in the criminal justice system, in government, in the White House, in the United States. Black lives matter every second, every minute, every hour, every day.

IN MEMORIAM                   

The universe shrank 

when you went away.

Every time I thought your name,

stars fell upon me. 

— Henry Dumas (poet, social activist, teacher)

Andre Maurice Hill, May 23, 1973 – December 22, 2020

Columbus, Ohio

Shot: December 22, 2020, Columbus Police Officer

Casey Christopher Goodson Jr., January 30, 1997 – December 4, 2020

Columbus, Ohio

Shot: December 4, 2020, Franklin County Sheriff Deputy 

Angelo “AJ” Crooms, May 15, 2004 – November 13, 2020

Cocoa, Florida

Shot: November 13, 2020, Brevard County Sheriff Deputies

Sincere Pierce, April 2, 2002 – November 13, 2020

Cocoa, Florida

Shot: November 13, 2020, Brevard County Sheriff Deputies

Marcellis Stinnette, June 17, 2001 – October 20, 2020

Waukegan, Illinois

Shot: October 20, 2020, Waukegan Police Officer

Jonathan Dwayne Price, November 3, 1988 – October 3, 2020

Wolfe City, Texas

Tasered/Shot: October 3, 2020, Wolfe City Police Officer

Dijon Durand Kizzee, February 5, 1991 – August 31, 2020
Los Angeles, California

Shot: August 21, 2020, Los Angeles County Police

Rayshard Brooks, January 31, 1993 – June 12, 2020
Atlanta, Georgia

Shot: June 12, 2020, Atlanta Police Officer

Carlos Carson, May 16, 1984 – June 6, 2020
Tulsa, Oklahoma

Pepper Sprayed/Shot in Head: June 6, 2020, Knights Inn Tulsa Armed Security Guard, former sergeant and detention officer with the Tulsa County Sheriff’s Office

David McAtee, August 3, 1966 – June 1, 2020

Louisville, Kentucky

Shot: June 1, 2020, Louisville Metropolitan Police Officer

Tony “Tony the TIger” McDade, 1982 – May 27, 2020
Tallahassee, Florida

Shot: May 27, 2020, Tallahassee Police Officers

George Perry Floyd, October 14, 1973 – May 25, 2020

Powderhorn, Minneapolis, Minnesota

Knee on neck/Asphyxiated: May 25, 2020, Minneapolis Police Officer 

Dreasjon “Sean” Reed, 1999 – May 6, 2020

Indianapolis, Indiana

Shot: May 6, 2020, Unidentified Indianapolis Metropolitan Police Officer

Michael Brent Charles Ramos, January 1, 1978 – April 24, 2020

Austin, Texas

Shot: April 24, 2020, Austin Police Detectives

Daniel T. Prude, September 20, 1978 – March 30, 2020

Rochester, New York

Asphyxiation: March 23, 2020, Rochester Police Officers

Breonna Taylor, June 5, 1993 – March 13, 2020

Louisville, Kentucky

Shot: March 13, 2020, Louisville Metro Police Officers 

Manuel “Mannie” Elijah Ellis, August 28, 1986 – March 3, 2020

Tacoma, Washington

Physical restraint/Hypoxia: March 3, 2020, Tacoma Police Officers

William Howard Green, March 16, 1976 – January 27, 2020

Temple Hills, Maryland

Shot: January 27, 2020, Prince George’s County Police Officer

John Elliot Neville, 1962 – December 4, 2019

Winston-Salem, North Carolina

Asphyxiated (hog-tied in prone position)/Heart Attack/Brain Injury: December 2, 2019, Forsyth County Sheriff Officers 

Atatiana Koquice Jefferson, November 28, 1990 – October 12, 2019

Fort Worth, Texas

Shot: October 12, 2019, Fort Worth Police Officer 

Elijah McClain, February 25, 1996 – August 30, 2019
Aurora, Colorado

Chokehold/Ketamine/Heart Attack: August 24, 2019, Aurora Police Officers and Paramedic

Ronald Greene, September 28, 1969 – May 10, 2019

Monroe, Louisiana

Stun gun/Force: May 10, 2019, Louisiana State Police

Javier Ambler, October 7, 1978 – March 28, 2019
Austin, Texas

Tasered/Electrocuted: March 28, 2019, Williamson County Sheriff Deputy

Sterling Lapree Higgins, October 27, 1981 – March 25, 2019
Union City, Tennessee

Choke hold/Asphyxiation: March 24-25, 2019, Union City Police Officer and Obion County Sheriff Deputies

Gregory Lloyd Edwards, September 23, 1980 – December 10, 2018

Brevard County Jail, Cocoa, Florida

Kneed, Punched, Pepper Sprayed, Tasered, and Strapped into a restraint chair with a spit hood over his head/Failure to Provide Medical Care: December 9, 2019, Brevard County Sheriffs

Emantic “EJ” Fitzgerald Bradford Jr., June 18, 1997 – November 22, 2018

Hoover, Alabama

Shot: November 22, 2018, Unidentified Hoover Police Officers

Charles “Chop” Roundtree Jr., September 5, 2000 – October 17, 2018

San Antonio, Texas

Shot: October 17, 2018, San Antonio Police Officer 

Chinedu Okobi, February 13, 1982 – October 3, 2018

Millbrae, California

Tasered/Electrocuted: October 3, 2018, San Mateo County Sheriff Sergeant and Sheriff Deputies 

Anton Milbert LaRue Black, October 18, 1998 – September 15, 2018

Greensboro, Maryland

Tasered/Sudden Cardiac Arrest: September 15, 2018, Greensboro Police Officers

Botham Shem Jean, September 29, 1991 – September 6, 2018

Dallas, Texas

Shot: September 6, 2018, Dallas Police Officer 

Antwon Rose Jr., July 12, 2000 – June 19, 2018

East Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

Shot: June 19, 2018, East Pittsburgh Police Officer 

Saheed Vassell, December 22, 1983 – April 4, 2018

Brooklyn, New York City, New York

Shot: April 4, 2018, Four Unnamed New York City Police Officers

Stephon Alonzo Clark, August 10, 1995 – March 18, 2018

Sacramento, California

Shot: March 18, 2018, Sacramento Police Officers 

Dennis Plowden Jr., 1992 – December 28, 2017

East Germantown, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Shot: December 27, 2017, Philadelphia Police Officer

Bijan Ghaisar, September 4, 1992 – November 27, 2017

George Washington Memorial Parkway, Alexandria, Virginia

Shot: November 17, 2017, U.S. Park Police Officers   

Aaron Bailey, 1972 – June 29, 2017

Indianapolis, Indiana

Shot: June 29, 2017, Indianapolis Metropolitan Police Officers 

Charleena Chavon Lyles, April 24, 1987 – June 18, 2017 

Seattle, Washington

Shot: June 18, 2017, Seattle Police Officers

Fetus of Charleena Chavon Lyles (14-15 weeks), June 18, 2017 

Seattle, Washington

Shot: June 18, 2017, Seattle Police Officers

Jordan Edwards, October 25, 2001 – April 29, 2017

Balch Springs, Texas

Shot: April 29, 2017, Balch Springs Officer 

Chad Robertson, 1992 – February 15, 2017

Chicago, Illinois

Shot: February 8, 2017, Chicago Police Officer 

Deborah Danner, September 25, 1950 – October 18, 2016

The Bronx, New York City, New York

Shot: October 18, 2016, New York City Police Officers

Alfred Olango, July 29, 1978 – September 27, 2016

El Cajon, California

Shot: September 27, 2016, El Cajon Police Officers 

Terence Crutcher, August 16, 1976 – September 16, 2016

Tulsa, Oklahoma

Shot: September 16, 2016, Tulsa Police Officer 

Terrence LeDell Sterling, July 31, 1985 – September 11, 2016

Washington, DC

Shot: September 11, 2016, Washington Metropolitan Police Officer 

Korryn Gaines, August 24, 1993 – August 1, 2016

Randallstown, Maryland

Shot: August 1, 2016, Baltimore County Police

Joseph Curtis Mann, 1966 – July 11, 2016

Sacramento, California

Shot: July 11, 2016, Sacramento Police Officers 

Philando Castile, July 16, 1983 – July 6, 2016

Falcon Heights, Minnesota

Shot: July 6, 2016, St. Anthony Police Officer 

Alton Sterling, June 14, 1979 – July 5, 2016

Baton Rouge, Louisiana

Shot: July 5, 2016, Baton Rouge Police Officers 

Bettie “Betty Boo” Jones, 1960 – December 26, 2015

Chicago, Illinois

Shot: December 26, 2015, Chicago Police Officer 

Quintonio LeGrier, April 29, 1996 – December 26, 2015

Chicago, Illinois

Shot: December 26, 2015, Chicago Police Officer 

Corey Lamar Jones, February 3, 1984 – October 18, 2015

Palm Beach Gardens, Florida

Shot: October 18, 2015, Palm Beach Gardens Police Officer 

Jamar O’Neal Clark, May 3, 1991 – November 16, 2015

Minneapolis, Minnesota

Shot: November 15, 2015, Minneapolis Police Officers 

Jeremy “Bam Bam” McDole, 1987 – September 23, 2015

Wilmington, Delaware

Shot: September 23, 2015, Wilmington Police Officers 

India Kager, June 9, 1988 – September 5, 2015

Virginia Beach, Virginia 

Shot: September 5, 2015, Virginia Beach Police Officers

Samuel Vincent DuBose, March 12, 1972 – July 19, 2015

Cincinnati, Ohio

Shot: July 19, 2015, University of Cincinnati Police Officer 

Sandra Bland, February 7, 1987 – July 13, 2015

Waller County, Texas

Excessive Force/Wrongful Death/Suicide (?): July 10, 2015, Texas State Trooper

Brendon K. Glenn, 1986 – May 5, 2015

Venice, California

Shot: May 5, 2015, Los Angeles Police Officer 

Freddie Carlos Gray Jr., August 16, 1989 – April 19, 2015

Baltimore, Maryland

Brute Force/Spinal Injuries: April 12, 2015, Baltimore City Police Officers 

Walter Lamar Scott, February 9, 1965 – April 4, 2015

North Charleston, South Carolina

Shot: April 4, 2015, North Charleston Police Officer 

Eric Courtney Harris, October 10, 1971 – April 2, 2015

Tulsa, Oklahoma

Shot: April 2, 2015, Tulsa County Reserve Deputy 

Phillip Gregory White, 1982 – March 31, 2015

Vineland, New Jersey

K-9 Mauling/Respiratory distress: March 31, 2015, Vineland Police Officers

Mya Shawatza Hall, December 5, 1987 – March 30, 2015

Fort Meade, Maryland

Shot: March 30, 2015, National Security Agency Police Officers

Meagan Hockaday, August 27, 1988 – March 28, 2015

Oxnard, California

Shot: March 28, 2015, Oxnard Police Officer

Tony Terrell Robinson, Jr., October 18, 1995 – March 6, 2015

Madison, Wisconsin

Shot: March 6, 2015, Madison Police Officer 

Janisha Fonville, March 3, 1994 – February 18 2015

Charlotte, North Carolina

Shot: February 18, 2015, Charlotte-Mecklenburg Police Officer

Natasha McKenna, January 9, 1978 – February 8, 2015

Fairfax County, Virginia

Tasered/Cardiac Arrest: February 3, 2015, Fairfax County Sheriff Deputies

Jerame C. Reid, June 8, 1978 – December 30, 2014

Bridgeton, New Jersey

Shot: December 30, 2014, Bridgeton Police Officer 

Rumain Brisbon, November 24, 1980 – December 2, 2014

Phoenix, Arizona

Shot: December 2, 2014,  Phoenix Police Officer 

Tamir Rice, June 15, 2002 – November 22, 2014

Cleveland, Ohio

Shot: November 22, 2014, Cleveland Police Officer 

Akai Kareem Gurley, November 12, 1986 – November 20, 2014

Brooklyn, New York City, New York

Shot: November 20, 2014, New York City Police Officer 

Tanisha N. Anderson, January 22, 1977 – November 13, 2014

Cleveland, Ohio

Physically Restrained/Brute Force: November 13, 2014, Cleveland Police Officers

Dante Parker, August 14, 1977 – August 12, 2014

Victorville, California

Tasered/Excessive Force: August 12, 2014, San Bernardino County Sheriff Deputies

Ezell Ford, October 14, 1988 – August 11, 2014

Florence, Los Angeles, California

Shot: August 11, 2014, Los Angeles Police Officers

Michael Brown Jr., May 20, 1996 – August 9, 2014

Ferguson, Missouri

Shot: August 9, 2014, Ferguson Police Officer 

John Crawford III, July 29, 1992 – August 5, 2014

Beavercreek, Ohio

Shot: August 5, 2014, Beavercreek Police Officer 

Tyree Woodson, July 8, 1976 – August 2, 2014

Baltimore, Maryland

Shot: August 2, 2014, Baltimore City Police Officer

Eric Garner, September 15, 1970 – July 17, 2014

Staten Island, New York

Choke hold/Suffocated: July 17, 2014, New York City Police Officer 

Dontre Hamilton, January 20, 1983 – April 30, 2014

Milwaukee, Wisconsin

Shot: April 30, 2014, Milwaukee Police Officer 

Victor White III, September 11, 1991 – March 3, 2014

New Iberia, Louisiana

Shot: March 2, 2014, Iberia Parish Sheriff Deputy

Gabriella Monique Nevarez, November 25, 1991 – March 2, 2014

Citrus Heights, California

Shot: March 2, 2014, Citrus Heights Police Officers

Yvette Smith, December 18, 1966 – February 16, 2014

Bastrop County, Texas

Shot: February 16, 2014, Bastrop County Sheriff Deputy

McKenzie J. Cochran, August 25, 1988 – January 29, 2014

Southfield, Michigan

Pepper Sprayed/Compression Asphyxiation: January 28, 2014, Northland Mall Security Guards

Jordan Baker, 1988 – January 16, 2014

Houston, Texas

Shot: January 16, 2014, Off-duty Houston Police Officer

Andy Lopez, June 2, 2000 – October 22, 2013

Santa Rosa, California

Shot: October 22, 2013, Sonoma County Sheriff Deputy

Miriam Iris Carey, August 12, 1979 – October 3, 2013

Washington, DC

Shot 26 times: October 3, 2013, U. S. Secret Service Officer

Barrington “BJ” Williams, 1988 – September 17, 2013

New York City, New York

Neglect/Disdain/Asthma Attack: September 17, 2013, New York City Police Officers

Jonathan Ferrell, October 11, 1989 – September 14, 2013

Charlotte, North Carolina

Shot: September 14, 2013, Charlotte-Mecklenburg  Police Officer 

Carlos Alcis, 1970 – August 15, 2013

Brooklyn, New York City

Heart Attack/Neglect: August 15, 2013, New York City Police Officers

Larry Eugene Jackson Jr., November 29, 1980 – July 26, 2013

Austin, Texas

Shot: July 26, 2013, Austin Police Detective 

Kyam Livingston, July 29, 1975 – July 21, 2013

New York City, New York

Neglect/Ignored pleas for help: July 20-21, 2013, New York City Police Officers

Clinton R. Allen, September 26, 1987 – March 10, 2013

Dallas, Texas

Tasered and Shot: March 10, 2013, Dallas Police Officer

Kimani “KiKi” Gray, October 19, 1996 – March 9, 2013

Brooklyn, New York City, New York

Shot: March 9, 2013, New York Police Officers

Kayla Moore, April 17, 1971 – February 13, 2013

Berkeley, California

Restrained face-down prone: February 12, 2013, Berkeley Police Officers

Jamaal Moore Sr., 1989 – December 15, 2012

Chicago, Illinois

Shot: December 15, 2012, Chicago Police Officer 

Johnnie Kamahi Warren, February 26, 1968 – February 13, 2012

Dothan, Alabama

Tasered/Electrocuted: December 10, 2012, Houston County (AL) Sheriff Deputy

Shelly Marie Frey, April 21, 1985 – December 6, 2012

Houston, Texas

Shot: December 6, 2012, Off-duty Harris County Sheriff’s Deputy 

Darnisha Diana Harris, December 11, 1996 – December 2, 2012

Breaux Bridge, Louisiana

Shot: December 2, 2012, Breaux Bridge Police Office

Timothy Russell, December 9. 1968 – November 29, 2012

Cleveland, Ohio

137 Rounds/Shot 23 times: November 29, 2012, Cleveland Police Officers 

Malissa Williams, June 20, 1982 – November 29, 2012

Cleveland, Ohio

137 Rounds/Shot 24 times: November 29, 2012, Cleveland Police Officers 

Noel Palanco, November 28, 1989 – October 4, 2012

Queens, New York City, New York

Shot: October 4, 2012, New York City Police Officers

Reynaldo Cuevas, January 6, 1992 – September 7, 2012

Bronx, New York City, New York

Shot: September 7, 2012, New York City Police Officer 

Chavis Carter, 1991 – July 28, 2012

Jonesboro, Arkansas

Shot: July 28, 2012, Jonesboro Police Officer

Alesia Thomas, June 1, 1977 – July 22, 2012

Los Angeles, California

Brutal Force/Beaten: July 22, 2012, Los Angeles Police Officers

Shantel Davis, May 26, 1989 – June 14, 2012

New York City, New York

Shot: June 14, 2012, New York City Police Officer 

Sharmel T. Edwards, October 10, 1962 – April 21, 2012

Las Vegas, Nevada

Shot: April 21, 2012, Las Vegas Police Officers 

Tamon Robinson, December 21, 1985 – April 18, 2012

Brooklyn, New York City, New York

Run over by police car: April 12, 2012, New York City Police Officers

Ervin Lee Jefferson, III, 1994 – March 24, 2012

Atlanta, Georgia

Shot: March 24, 2012, Shepperson Security & Escort Services Security Guards

Kendrec McDade, May 5, 1992 – March 24, 2012

Pasadena, California

Shot: March 24, 2012, Pasadena Police Officers 

Rekia Boyd, November 5, 1989 – March 21, 2012

Chicago, Illinois

Shot: March 21, 2012, Off-duty Chicago Police Detective 

Shereese Francis, 1982 – March 15, 2012

Queens, New York City, New York

Suffocated to death: March 15, 2012,  New York City Police Officers

Jersey K. Green, June 17, 1974 – March 12, 2012

Aurora, Illinois

Tasered/Electrocuted: March 12, 2012, Aurora Police Officers

Wendell James Allen, December 19, 1991 – March 7, 2012

New Orleans, Louisiana

Shot:  March 7, 2012, New Orleans Police Officer

Nehemiah Lazar Dillard, July 29, 1982 – March 5, 2012

Gainesville, Florida

Tasered/Electrocuted: March 5, 2012, Alachua County Sheriff Deputies

Dante’ Lamar Price, July 18, 1986 – March 1, 2012

Dayton, Ohio

Shot: March 1, 2012, Ranger Security Guards

Raymond Luther Allen Jr., 1978 – February 29, 2012

Galveston, Texas

Tasered/Electrocuted: February 27, 2012, Galveston Police Officers

Manual Levi Loggins Jr., February 22, 1980 – February 7, 2012

San Clemente, Orange County, California

Shot: February 7, 2012, Orange County Sheriff Deputy 

Ramarley Graham, April 12, 1993 – February 2, 2012

The Bronx, New York City, New York

Shot: February 2, 2012, New York City Police Officer 

Kenneth Chamberlain Sr., April 12, 1943 – November 19, 2011

White Plains, New York

Tasered/Electrocuted/Shot: November 19, 2011, White Plains Police Officers

Alonzo Ashley, June 10, 1982 – July 18, 2011

Denver, Colorado

Tasered/Electrocuted: July 18, 2011, Denver Police Officers 

Derek Williams, January 23, 1989 – July 6, 2011

Milwaukee, Wisconsin

Blunt Force/Respiratory distress: July 6, 2011, Milwaukee Police Officers

Raheim Brown, Jr., March 4, 1990 – January 22, 2011

Oakland, California

Shot: January 22, 2011, Oakland Unified School District Police

Reginald Doucet, June 3, 1985 – January 14, 2011

Los Angeles, California

Shot: January 14, 2011, Los Angeles Police Officer 

Derrick Jones, September 30, 1973 – November 8, 2010

Oakland, California

Shot: November 8, 2010, Oakland Police Officers 

Danroy “DJ” Henry Jr., October 29, 1990 – October 17, 2010

Pleasantville, New York

Shot: October 17, 2020, Pleasantville Police Officer 

Aiyana Mo’Nay Stanley-Jones, July 20, 2002 – May 16, 2010

Detroit, Michigan

Shot: May 16, 2010, Detroit Police Officer 

Steven Eugene Washington, September 20, 1982 – March 20, 2010

Los Angeles, California

Shot: March 20, 2010, Los Angeles County Police

Aaron Campbell, September 7, 1984 – January 29, 2010

Portland, Oregon

Shot: January 29, 2010, Portland Police Officer 

Kiwane Carrington, July 14, 1994 – October 9, 2009

Champaign, Illinois

Shot: October 9, 2019, Champaign Police Officer 

Victor Steen, November 11, 1991 – October 3, 2009

Pensacola, Florida

Tasered/Run over: October 3, 2009, Pensacola Police Officer 

Shem Walker,  March 18, 1960 – July 11, 2009

Brooklyn, New York

Shot: July 11, 2009, New York City Undercover C-94 Police Officer

Oscar Grant III, February 27, 1986 – January 1, 2009

Oakland, California

Shot: January 1, 2009, BART Police Officer 

Tarika Wilson, October 30, 1981 – January 4, 2008

Lima, Ohio

Shot January 4, 2008, Lima Police Officer 

DeAunta Terrel Farrow, September 7, 1994 – June 22, 2007

West Memphis, Arkansas

Shot: June 22, 2007, West Memphis (AR) Police Officer 

Sean Bell, May 23, 1983 – November 25, 2006

Queens, New York City, New York

Shot: November 25, 2006, New York City Police Officers 

Kathryn Johnston, June 26, 1914 – November 21, 2006

Atlanta, Georgia

Shot: November 21, 2006, Undercover Atlanta Police Officers

Ronald Curtis Madison, March 1, 1965 – September 4, 2005

Danziger Bridge, New Orleans, Louisiana

Shot: September 4, 2005, New Orleans Police Officers 

James B. Brissette Jr., November 6, 1987 – September 4, 2005

Danziger Bridge, New Orleans, Louisiana

Shot: September 4, 2005, New Orleans Police Officers 

Henry “Ace” Glover, October 2, 1973 – September 2, 2005

New Orleans, Louisiana

Shot: September 2, 2005, New Orleans Police Officers 

Timothy Stansbury, Jr., November 16, 1984 – January 24, 2004

Brooklyn, New York City, New York

Shot: January 24, 2004, New York City Police Officer 

Ousmane Zongo, 1960 – May 22, 2003

New York City, New York 

Shot: May 22, 2003, New York City Police Officer 

Alberta Spruill, 1946 – May 16, 2003

New York City, New York

Stun grenade thrown into her apartment led to a heart attack: May 16, 2003, New York City Police Officer

Kendra Sarie James, December 24, 1981 – May 5, 2003

Portland, Oregon

Shot: May 5, 2003, Portland Police Officer

Orlando Barlow, December 29, 1974 – February 28, 2003

Las Vegas, Nevada

Shot: February 28, 2003, Las Vegas Police Officer 

Nelson Martinez Mendez, 1977 – August 8, 2001

Bellevue, Washington

Shot: August 8, 2001, Bellevue Police Officer

Timothy DeWayne Thomas Jr., July 25, 1981 – April 7, 2001

Cincinnati, Ohio

Shot: April 7, 2001, Cincinnati Police Patrolman 

Ronald Beasley, 1964 – June 12, 2000

Dellwood, Missouri

Shot: June 12, 2000, Dellwood Police Officers  

Earl Murray, 1964 – June 12, 2000

Dellwood, Missouri

Shot: June 12, 2000, Dellwood Police Officers 

Patrick Moses Dorismond, February 28, 1974 – March 16, 2000

New York City, New York

Shot: March 16, 2000, New York City Police Officer 

Prince Carmen Jones Jr., March 30, 1975 – September 1, 2000

Fairfax County, Virginia

Shot: September 1, 2000, Prince George’s County Police Officer

Malcolm Ferguson, October 31, 1976 – March 1, 2000

The Bronx, New York City, New York

Shot: March 1, 2000, New York City Police Officer 

LaTanya Haggerty, 1973 – June 4, 1999

Chicago, Illinois

Shot: June 4, 1999, Chicago Police Officer

Margaret LaVerne Mitchell, 1945 – May 21, 1999

Los Angeles, California

Shot: May 21, 1999, Los Angeles Police Officer

Amadou Diallo, September 2, 1975 – February 4, 1999

The Bronx, New York City, New York

Shot: February 4, 1999, New York City Police Officers 

Tyisha Shenee Miller, March 9, 1979 – December 28, 1998

Riverside, California

Shot: December 28, 1998, Riverside Police Officers

Dannette “Strawberry” Daniels, January 25, 1966 – June 7, 1997

Newark, New Jersey

Shot: June 7, 1997, Newark Police Officer

Frankie Ann Perkins, 1960 – March 22, 1997

Chicago, Illinois

Brutal Force/Strangled: March 22, 1997, Chicago Police Officers

Nicholas Heyward Jr., August 26, 1981 – September 27, 1994

Brooklyn, New York City, New York

Shot: September 27, 1994, New York City Police Officer 

Mary Mitchell, 1950 – November 3, 1991 

The Bronx, New York City, New York

Shot: November 3, 1991, New York City Police Officer

Yvonne Smallwood, July 26, 1959 – December 9, 1987

New York City, New York

Severely beaten/Massive blood clot: December 3, New York City Police Officers

Eleanor Bumpers, August 22, 1918 – October 29, 1984

The Bronx, New York City, New York

Shot: October 29, 1984, New York City Police Officer

Michael Jerome Stewart, May 9, 1958 – September 28, 1983

New York City, New York

Brutal Force: September 15, 1983, New York City Transit Police 

Eula Mae Love, August 8, 1939 – January 3, 1979

Los Angeles, California

Shot: January 3, 1979, Los Angeles County Police Officers

Arthur Miller Jr., 1943 – June 14, 1978

Brooklyn, New York City, New York

Chokehold/Strangled: June 14, 1978, New York City Police Officers

Randolph Evans, April 5, 1961 – November 25, 1976

Brooklyn, New York City, New York

Shot in head: November 25, 1976, New York City Police Officer

Barry Gene Evans, August 29, 1958 – February 10, 1976

Los Angeles, California

Shot: February 10, 1976, Los Angeles Police Officers

Rita Lloyd, November 2, 1956 – January 27, 1973

New York City, New York

Shot: January 27, 1973, New York City Police Officer

Henry Dumas, July 20, 1934 – May 23, 1968

Harlem, New York City, New York

Shot: May 23, 1968, New York City Transit Police Officer

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NOTE 

This memorial is in honor of those unarmed black and brown people killed by the police, sheriff deputies, and security guards. The list is organized by most recent incident of police brutality (David McAtee and George Perry Floyd) and then moves back in time. I have listed each person by their name; birth and death dates; the location of their death; the means of death, date of death, and name of the police department. 

I culled the names from a variety of online sources including Black Lives Matter’s protests; Wikipedia; Black Past; Dangerous Objects, a website run by Mercy Garriga, that investigates cases of excessive use of force and death by the police force; and Professors Cassandra Chaney and Ray V. Robertson’s essay “Armed and Dangerous? An Examination of Fatal Shootings of Unarmed Black People by Police.” I have included women from the #SaveHerName project because we often ignore the injustices and violence that black women experience from the police: police brutality is real for women as it is for men. 

At the age of twenty-four, a friend introduced me to the radical and astonishingly beautiful poetry and writing of Henry Dumas. His poetry serves as the epitaph for this memorial; Dumas is the last entry on this list, shot by New York City Transit Police on May 23, 1968.

— Renée Ater, May 29, 2020

**Many thanks to Cecilia Wichmann and Mary Savig for their fact checking of this list, including adding birth dates from the Social Security Death Index and links to additional news stories. 

*************************************************

SOURCES

Dangerous Objects

https://www.dangerousobjects.org/

Black Past

https://www.blackpast.org/tag/race-and-justice-black-lives-matter/

Say Her Name: Resisting Police Brutality Against Black Women

Everyday Harm: Black Women and a History of Police Violence

Unarmed People of Color Killed by Police, 1999-2014

https://gawker.com/unarmed-people-of-color-killed-by-police-1999-2014-1666672349

82 Black Men and Boys Killed by Police

“Armed and Dangerous? An Examination of Fatal Shootings of Unarmed Black People by Police” 

Mothers Against Police Brutality

Color of Change
https://colorofchange.org/about/

Clinton R. Allen Speak Out 2018

Families United 4 Justice Network

https://fu4jgroup.website/index.html

Mapping Police Violence

https://mappingpoliceviolence.org/

Fatal Force, Washington Post

2020: https://www.washingtonpost.com/graphics/investigations/police-shootings-database/

2019: https://www.washingtonpost.com/graphics/2019/national/police-shootings-2019/

2018:  https://www.washingtonpost.com/graphics/2018/national/police-shootings-2018/

2017: https://www.washingtonpost.com/graphics/national/police-shootings-2017/

2016: https://www.washingtonpost.com/graphics/national/police-shootings-2016/

2015: https://www.washingtonpost.com/graphics/national/police-shootings/

”What We’ve Learned About Police Shootings 5 Years After Ferguson,” Washington Post, August 9, 2019

https://www.washingtonpost.com/nation/2019/08/09/what-weve-learned-about-police-shootings-years-after-ferguson/?arc404=true

The Counted, The Guardian, 2015 and 2016

https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/series/counted-us-police-killings

Fatal Encounters

Stolen Lives: Killed by Law Enforcement

http://www.stolenlives.org/book.html

Police Brutality Cases (PBC), Open Lab at City Tech

The Center for Homicide Research, Police Shootings Database

Three Words. 70 Cases. The Tragic History of ‘I Can’t Breathe.’

Nearly 250 Women Have Been Fatally Shot By Police Since 2015

https://www.washingtonpost.com/graphics/2020/investigations/police-shootings-women/

100 Black Men And Boys Killed By Police

FACEBOOK MUST STOP THIS TROLLING,  SURVEILLING, CORRUPTION, CONSPIRING AND CENSORSHIP FOR KAMALA HARRIS AND THE COURTEL IMMEDIATELY

FACEBOOK MUST STOP THIS TROLLING,  SURVEILLING, CORRUPTION, CONSPIRING AND CENSORSHIP FOR KAMALA HARRIS AND THE COURTEL IMMEDIATELY!!

On October 25, 2016, I posted an article “Kamala “Kriminal Harass” Harris Embezzled Child Support from FaceBook Legal Counsel and Fundraiser! Extorts Parents, Targets and Threatens Father!” 

The article addressed Alameda County Superior Court Judges, District Attorney, Department of Child Support Services ALL involved in Admitted Embezzlement, Corruption, Fraud, Extortion Case of child support payments al-Hakim made in trust to the DA in their fiduciary capacity for the minor al-Hakim children depriving al-Hakim and the minor child of THOUSANDS of DOLLARS paid, then fraudulently and illegally charging al-Hakim with the crime of violating the child support statute for nonpayment! Full Story with Videos and Documents at http://tinyurl.com/ljk8av

The decades old conflict between Abdul-Jalil al-Hakim and Family with the Alameda County District Attorney (DA) and the Department of Child Support Service (DCSS) is among the most extensively told in the history of the American judiciary.

The posted article included my daughter, Bari al-Hakim-Williams, who was a Legal Counsel, Global Infrastructure & Operations at FaceBook where she created the Diversity program until she left two years ago in 2018, whom had her Child Support embezzled and stolen by the District Attorney, whom tried to frame me for it, and persecuted our Family for over 20 years when we ALL objected, agreed NOT to pay and refused to pay the stolen funds again. 

Wherein the DA suspended my drivers license and revoked my passport for over TWENTY YEARS in an effort to force me to pay again, but more so just to put me in the “system” susceptible to ALL possible police, judicial, law enforcement whims of hate induced persecution, harassment, oppression, racism, bigotry, Islamophobia, Xenophobia and retaliation! They did this despite the fact that the District Attorney Bill Kleeman ADMITTED in a letter to the parents apologizing for their crimes, stopped the fraudulent theft of the child support, then doubled down and began stealing the money all over again three years later after the supervising DA died! You can read or download the letter here: https://www.box.com/shared/vny517fknk 

Kamala Harris was working with the DA’s office with all her friends directly involved in this Admitted Embezzlement, Corruption, Fraud, and Extortion Case!

As Attorney General “Kriminal Harass” and the Office of The Attorney General of The State of California substituted in as attorney of record in this case for the Alameda County Department of Child Support Services allegedly “in the interest of justice”. What justice is there in the Attorney General defending, concealing and thereby further complicitly committing the admitted willful and intentional extrinsic fraud upon the court; prosecutorial misconduct; willful and malicious prosecution; misconduct; conflict of interest; obstruction of justice; denial of due process under the law; willful and intentional fabrication and authoring false evidence; misstating and mischaracterizing evidence; misrepresentation and concealment of material facts with knowledge of the truth with the intent to induce the court’s act or reliance; harassment; and intimidation on behalf of District Attorney Nancy O’Malley, former DA Tom Orloff, Maureen Lenahan, Valgeria Harvey, counselors L. Lavagetto, Ms. K. Pendergrass, Ms. Adler, Kris Ferre, and accountant Mr. Lovelady and others unnamed in the DA’s office; various judges and Commissioner Oleon’s abuse of discretion, willful misconduct, conduct prejudicial, illegal ex-parte communications and bias that resulted in error.

This was done to excuse and protect the Alameda County Department of Child Support Services from their ongoing conflict of interest in their alleging to represent the interest of Joette Hall, whom they had defrauded along with al-Hakim of the funds paid to the DCSS in trust for their minor child Bari.

I received a letter from Marina Soto, California Deputy Attorney General, dated June 1, 2017 regarding our Noticed Request for Documents served on Kamala Harris May 22 and 23, 2017. It was served on the Parties to provide the time to comply with previous Requests made subject to Rule 10.500; Freedom of Information Act and Privacy Act; Brown Act- California Public Records Act Request (PRA), and Ethics Complaints.

Feigning ignorance in the letter, she asks me to clarify the request, if under PRA, wherein they will respond accordingly. Every one of you herein has done the exact same thing for years only to have the evidence of crime against you mount to a point of insurmountable!

As a result, I clarified the Demand for Production of Documents for each of them therein that has had a previous request made. If there is no compliance in seven (7) days, we will file formal Request for Production of Documents and Depositions on each herein. I will start with Attorney Generals Jerry Brown, Kamala Harris, Xavier Becerra and Ms. Soto.

On April 7, 2014, we filed and served a FOIA/Brown Act Request on Attorney General Kamala D. Harris, Joan Kirtlan, Stephen Napolillo- Records Co-ordinators, and Custodian of Records.

By letter attached dated April 17, 2014, Brent Orick- Special Agent in Charge- Professional Standards Group, Division of Law Enforcement, acknowledging receipt of our PRA Request on April 7, 2014, therein requesting time to respond by May 1, 2014, in order “to consult with another agency having a substantial interest in the determination of the request or among two or more components of the agency having a substantial subject matter interest therein”. In a separate letter Soto made the same request for an extension of time to comply the very same day! The letter can be read or downloaded at:

AG Harris- Orick FOIA Response

https://app.box.com/s/zcl41lib06z12ninb2dzqlsigl4tpyer

and 

AG Harris- Soto FOIA Response

https://app.box.com/s/7f8u8dr274z6wdskgx40a0auujpw7uf3

Additionally, on May 6, 2014 and July 3, 2014 Orick left voice mail messages for me regarding the Attorney General’s response. The voice mail can be listen to or downloaded at:

May 6, 2014  https://app.box.com/s/kpnvn0lvx74bm8dahsc5vgd2686zfdyd

July 3, 2014  https://app.box.com/s/uexrxsxwjfkpavxdaetwqqk1z1wcev2j

By letter attached dated May 2, 2014, I informed both Ms. Soto and Mr. Orick that the FOIA/Brown Act Request filed on April 7, 2014 and their acknowledged receipt from both dated April 17, 2014 that they have both for the Attorney General failed and refused to comply with ANY of the requested information as per the law by providing NO RESPONSE AT ALL. This implies that the original request they both made on April 17, 2014 at the conclusion of the required time to provide the information was totally disingenuous! The letter can be read or downloaded at: 

https://app.box.com/s/vf4tnpxz7mhx9t545d80e6sqhxvuh138

In an attached letter dated May 28, 2014, to Mrs. Harris, Ms. Soto, Mr. Orick and Custodian of Records requesting again that the Attorney General respond to the request, to comply with all relevant deadlines and other obligations set forth in FOIA and the agency’s regulations. 5 U.S.C. § 552, (a)(6)(A)(i); 26 a.F.R. § 601.702(c)(9)(ii). Pursuant to 26 C.F.R. § 601.702(c)(2)(i), I would prefer the responsive records be provided in an electronic format. Attorney General’s March 2009 FOIA memorandum, reiterating President Obama’s directive that in “the face of doubt, openness prevails.” Attorney General, Memorandum for Heads of Executive Departments and Agencies at 1 (March 19, 2009) (Attorney General Memorandum). They have yet to comply or even respond! The letter can be read or downloaded at: https://app.box.com/s/feolyhbt0rchngtugayi5cj8chr9mayj

But as any good politician has done, Harris has actually been involved in stealing child support from Abdul-Jalil al-Hakim’s minor child with an outstanding order! She not only worked in the DA’s office during the time this embezzlement was happening but then represented the Department of Child Support Services and the DA’s office AGAINST al-Hakim. 

Now 25 years later, that minor child that Kriminal Harass embezzled is Bari al-Hakim-Williams.

Bari al-Hakim-Williams has hosted and attended multiple fundraisers for Harris, even held at her home, that was promoted on

“Heyevent.com” 

Host included ROBERT L. HARRIS, ESQ., SHONDA SCOTT, DEMETRIUS SHELTON, ESQ., LALITA TADEMY, BARRY LAWSON WILLIAMS, JAIME A. WILLIAMS, HON. JOEL YOUNG

Shelton posted:

Fundraiser – Kamala Harris for CA Attorney General 

Saturday, 14 November 2009, 15:00
 At the Home of Bari and Jaime Williams – Oakland, CA 

Fundraiser – Kamala Harris for CA Attorney General 

Friends,
Please join me at a fundraiser in support of my friend and colleague 

SAN FRANCISCO DISTRICT ATTORNEY
&
CANDIDATE FOR CALIFORNIA ATTORNEY GENERAL 2010 KAMALA D. HARRIS 

Saturday, November 14, 2009 3:00 – 5:00 pm 

AT THE HOME OF JAIME & BARI WILLIAMS OAKLAND, CA* 

Hosted by – 

ROBERT L. HARRIS, ESQ., SHONDA SCOTT, DEMETRIUS SHELTON, ESQ., LALITA TADEMY, BARI A. WILLIAMS, ESQ., BARRY LAWSON WILLIAMS, JAIME A. WILLIAMS, HON. JOEL YOUNG 

Guest . . . . . . . . . $250 

If you are unable to attend the event, but would like to support. You can donate online by visiting: http://kamalaharris.org/donate/event/534. Please let me know if you donate via the website so that I can track your contribution. 

Thanks in advance for your support! 

Demetrius

Oddly enough Shelton is involved in the al-Hakim legal action against the City of Oakland in the Case of al-Hakim vs CSAA and Rescue Rooter, et. al. You can hear Demetruis Shelton, President of the National Bar Association and City Attorney employee’s Voicemail “Russo Received Trial Subpoenas!!!”

The Facebook posted article included photos of my daughter, Bari al-Hakim-Williams, whom had her child support, with President Barack and Michelle Obama at the White House and her Facebook employee photo. 

Bari al-Hakim-Williams, was honored for her fine achievements at the White House where she was hosted by President Obama and Michelle Obama, as one of the Nations “40 Under 40” top lawyers by the National Bar Association, among others. She was featured in Black Enterprise Magazine, discussing her plight as a minority and woman of color in a major corporation, in a commanding leadership position over men, lawyers and engineers, and the Diversity Program she founded at FaceBook. Her title there is Legal Counsel, Global Infrastructure & Operations at Facebook where she governs everything that is purchased. She created the Diversity program and talks about it here.

For some unknown reason, FaceBook “wiped/scrubbed” her photos from the post. I replaced them and they were removed again! The suddenly the posts with the photos were removed from my Facebook Profile entirely without explanation! JUST WHAT IS FACEBOOK UP TO WITH MY ACCOUNT? Something is HIGHLY SUSPICIOUS about THEIR actions! The decades old conflict between Abdul-Jalil al-Hakim and Family with the Alameda County District Attorney (DA) and the Department of Child Support Service (DCSS) is among the most extensively told in the history of the American judiciary with the admitted willful fraud and extortionate scheme that the District Attorney and DCSS extensively exercised to persecute the family that they are liable for.

On February 19, 2017, I posted an article on FaceBook called The “Courtel” that was labeled as “false information”. THAT WAS FACTUALLY UNTRUE!!! We were NEVER noticed of this and only found out about it years later! There as no other information. How, why and by whom was this “fact-checked”? This IS NOT an error, it’s CENSORSHIP! FACEBOOK MUST STOP THIS TROLLING,  SURVEILLING, CORRUPTION, CONSPIRING AND CENSORSHIP FOR KAMALA HARRIS AND THE COURTEL IMMEDIATELY!!

The WORLD needs to know the TRUTH about Kamala Harris, The COURTEL their campaigns and how FaceBook is censoring the TRUTH to cover their FRAUD. ALL of our post you tagged as “false information” proven by a 3rd party fact checker, IS ITSELF FALSE INFORMATION, OPPRESSIVE,  HOSTILE AND DEFAMATORY OF ME, MY FAMILY, OUR BUSINESSES OUR COMMUNITIES AND THOSE THAT WE SERVE!! 

When I challenged the “false information” label and asked FACEBOOK to prove ANY of the information was false, they removed the label! ALL this information is listed in certified court documents including THEIR ADMISSIONS of Fraud, Embezzlement and Extorting my family! ALL PROVEN, TRUE AND ACCURATE! So Facebook is trolling, surveilling and monitoring ALL our activities and placing limits on every action of ours!

I recently filed the required documents to VERIFY my account at 1:57 am and that request was DENIED at 1:57 am after an alleged “review”. That is NOT HUMANLY POSSIBLE! There is no algorithm that can make that determination in less than 10 seconds!! First, it’s ME verifying that it’s ME!! That could ONLY possibly be for the purpose of assuring the viewers of my Profile that it’s ME! Who else would want to do that and can provide MY California government issued ID? 

I have been a Public Figure since I was 12 years old as a GENIUS and Sports Star, on to setting many unprecedented records in American History! My achievements have been chronicled in the media and taught in ALL the major MBA and Law School Academia Institutions in America! So, just how do you DENY me the verification in less than 10 seconds??!!!

The limits placed on OUR friend requests are absolutely ridiculous!!! Clearly FACEBOOK’S algorithm can distinguish between friend requests, comments, replies,  and postings, so there should be no confusion/association between those functions! Their algorithm doesn’t know who I know!!! AND, I don’t want the whores, snitches, and terrorist that Facebook suggest as friends whom I DON’T KNOW!!! This is just a measure to block the friend request process and deny certain users the opportunity to make requests of REAL friends and it’s NOT relative to time, time has no importance! This is simply B.S.!!

Again, I was blocked from posting to Groups we belong to for SEVERAL weeks without explanation.  What are their reasons for the Blocks? Other than THEIR CENSORSHIP, what reason could there possibly be for restricting our posts when they have been sooo widely reacted to with comments, likes, dislikes, etc. and recirculated over and over with shares??!!! WHO doesn’t like what’s being said? Facebooks restriction is OPPRESSION!!

We currently have a case pending in Alameda County Courts that addresses our censorship and conspiracy of Twitter and Google being complicit in the activities of Kamala Harris, the COURTEL, CORRUPTOCRATS AND KLEPTOCRATS  and it now seems that we MUST add FACEBOOK to the case.

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